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Local Time                        
Geographic Coordinates 25 00 N, 45 00 E

Total Area 1,960,582 sq km
Land Area 1,960,582 sq km
Comparative Area slightly less than one-fourth the size of the US
Climate harsh, dry desert with great extremes of temperature

Terrain mostly uninhabited, sandy desert
Lowest Point Persian Gulf 0 m
Highest Point Jabal Sawda' 3,133 m
Natural Resources petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, copper
Geographic Note extensive coastlines on Persian Gulf and Red Sea provide great leverage on shipping (especially crude oil) through Persian Gulf and Suez Canal

Population 19,409,058 (July 1996 est.)
Population Growth Rate 3.45% (1996 est.
Birth Rate 38.32 births/1,000 population (1996 est.)
Death Rate 5.36 deaths/1,000 population (1996 est.)
Infant Mortality 46.4 deaths/1,000 live births (1996 est.)
Life Expectancy At Birth
Total Population 69 years
Male 67.25 years
Female 70.84 years (1996 est.)

Ethnic Divisions Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%
Religions Muslim 100%
Languages Arabic

Literacy age 15 and over can read and write (1995 est.)
Total Population 62.80%
Male 71.50%
Female 50.20%

Name of Country
Conventional Long Form Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Conventional Short Form Saudi Arabia
Local Long Form Al Mamlakah al Arabiyah as Suudiyah
Local Short Form Al Arabiyah as Suudiyah
Former Name N/A

Type of Government monarchy
Capital Riyadh
Independence 23 September 1932 (unification)

GDP purchasing power parity - $189.3 billion (1995 est.)
GDP Real Growth Rate 0% (1995 est.)
GDP Per Capita $10,100 (1995 est.)
GDP Composition By Sector
Agriculture 9%
Industry 50%
Services 41% (1994 est.)
Currency 1 Saudi riyal (SR) = 100 halalah

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