Haj consists of the performance of
a set of devotional rites in and around Mecca (i.e., in Mina, Arafat, and
Muzdalifah) in a prescribed order. The rites of Umra form an integral part
of Haj. They have already been described above.
Types Of Haj
There are three different types of
Haj a pilgrim may perform. All of them involve the performance of essentially
the same rites and acts of worship. The difference consists basically in
the niyyah pronounced by the pilgrim at Meeqat. The specifics of the Haj
then follow directly from this niyyah. The three types of Haj are described
- Haj ul Ifrad
- Haj ul Qiran
- Haj ut Tamattu
(1) Haj ul Ifrad
In Haj ul Ifrad, you will pronounce
the intention of performing only Haj at Meeqat. The rites that follow
from this niyyah are given below in order:
You have completed Haj ul Ifrad and
are, now, a Mufrid.
Tawaaf ul Qudoom, followed by two rakah
of salat us sunnah, partaking of the waters of Zam-Zam, and the Sai in
After step (a) above, you will not
take off your Ihram,and will continue to observe all of its obligations
You will then complete the rites of Haj
on the 8th through the 10th of Zul Hijjah in Mina, Arafat,and Muzdalifah.
These rites will culminate in Rummy of Jamrat ul Kubra in Mina on the 10th
of Zul Hijjah.
A sacrifice is not obligatory for Haj
ul Ifrad. It is, however, recommended (i.e., mustahab) that you do offer
Halq or Taqseer will follow. You may then
shave, shower, and change into street clothes. You are no longer bound
by the prohibitions of the Haj, except that you may not engage in conjugal
relations with your spouse until you have performed Tawaaf ul Ifadah.
Tawaaf ul Ifadah will follow in Mecca as
soon after step (e) as possible. The sunnah prayers and the Sai associated
with Tawaaf ul Qudoom, are not required after Tawaaf ul Ifadah. The Sai performed
after Tawaaf ul Qudoom will suffice since you are performing only Haj.
You may, however, perform Sai once again if you so desire. You will return
to Mina after the above rites.
You will stay in Mina until at least the
12th of Zul Hijjah as Rummy on the 13th is optional. Rummy of Jamrat ul
Oola, Jamrat ul Wusta, and Jamrat ul Kubra, in that order, will follow
on the 11th, 12th, and 13th of Zul Hijjah.
You will perform Tawaaf ul Wuda just before
departing from Mecca on your way to your next destination. Again, the two
rakah of salat us sunnah and the Sai are not required after Tawaaf ul Wuda.
The sunnah of Rasool Allah (pbuh) directs that you leave Haram ash Shareef
and Mecca as soon after Tawaaf ul Wuda as possible and do not linger in
(2) Haj ul Qiran
For Haj ul Qiran, you will
pronounce your niyyah of performing both Haj and Umra simultaneously with
the same Ihram. Thereafter, the rites to be performed are as below
You have completed Haj ul Qiran and
are, now, a Qarin.
Tawaaf ul Qudoom followed by two rakah
of salat us sunnah, partaking of the waters of Zam-Zam, and the Sai. These
rites will qualify as your Umra.
You will not take off your Ihram after
step (a) and will continue to observe all of its obligations.
You will then fulfill the rites of Haj
on the 8th through the 10th of Zul Hijjah in Mina as detailed under Haj
A sacrifice is required for Haj ul Qiran.
In the days of Rasool Allah (pbuh), people who brought their sacrificial
animals to Mecca with them were instructed to perform Haj ul Qiran. Those,
who did not bring their animals, were instructed to perform Haj ut Tamattu.
Sacrificial animals are available in Mina these days.
Halq or Taqseer, Tawaaf ul Ifadah, Rummy
on the 11th through the 13th of Zul Hijjah and Tawaaf ul Wuda will follow,
exactly as in Haj ul Ifrad.
(3) Haj ut Tamattu
For Haj ut Tamattu, you
will pronounce your niyyah of performing Umra only at Meeqat. A second
niyyah for Haj will follow later as described below. Thereafter, the rites
of Haj will be as follows in order:
You have completed Haj ut Tamattu
and are, now, a Mutamatti.
Tawaaf ul Qudoom followed by two rakah
of salat us sunnah, partaking of the waters of Zam-Zam, and Sai.
Halq or Taqseer will follow. You will
now shave, shower, and change into street clothes. This will complete your
Umra. All restrictions of the Ihram are now temporarily lifted from you.
You will wait for the 8th of Zul Hijjah to start the rites of Haj.
On the 8th Zul Hijjah, you will pronounce
a new niyyah to perform Haj at your place of residence. There is no
need for you to go to Meeqat for this. You will change into Ihram in the
prescribed manner and will proceed to Mina soon after the Fajr prayers.
You will stay in Mina, Arafat, and Muzdalifah
to perform the prescribed rites as detailed in Haj ul Ifrad.
A sacrifice is required for Haj ut Tamattu.
Halq or Taqseer, Tawaaf ul Ifadah with
the sunnah prayers, partaking of the waters of Zam-Zam, and a second Sai
will follow. This Sai is required simply because your first Sai was performed
Rummy on the 11th through the 13th of
Zul Hijjah and Tawaaf ul Wuda will complete the rites of Haj.